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Wednesday, August 12, 2020 | History

2 edition of Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions found in the catalog.

Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions

by Yuriy M. Bunkov

  • 132 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by Springer Netherlands, Imprint, Springer in Dordrecht .
Written in English


About the Edition

Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics. They appear in many condensed matter systems at low temperature, including vortices in superfluid He-4, defects in He-3, quantized magnetic flux tubes in type-II superconductors, and disclination lines and other defects in liquid crystals. In cosmology, unified gauge theories of particle interactions suggest a sequence of phase transitions in the very early universe, some of which may lead to defect formation. In astrophysics, defects play an important role in the dynamics of neutron stars.
The present book begins with a Condensed Matter - High Energy & Cosmology dictionary, prepared by Grigory Volovik, which gives a common basis to ideas pertaining to these branches of modern physics. The following papers, written by experts in their respective fields, provide the fundamental concepts of symmetry-breaking phase transitions. The book represents the fruits of an exchange of ideas between particle physicists, cosmologists and condensed matter physicists.

Edition Notes

Other titlesProceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Les Houches, France, 16-26 February 1999
Statementedited by Yuriy M. Bunkov, Henri Godfrin
SeriesNATO Science Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 1389-2185 -- 549, NATO science series -- 549.
ContributionsGodfrin, Henri
The Physical Object
Format[electronic resource] /
Pagination1 online resource (396 pages).
Number of Pages396
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL27092342M
ISBN 109401141061
ISBN 109789401141062
OCLC/WorldCa840310111

Breaking the Sequence can improve the reader's memory. As you read the book, you have a variety of meanings, their origins, ambitions, history and nuances, as well as various circles and sub-transfers each story. Just a little to remember, but the brain is a beautiful thing and . The spontaneous transformations associated with symmetry-breaking phase transitions generate domain structures and defects that may be topological in nature. The formation of these defects can be described according to the Kibble-Zurek mechanism, which provides a generic relation that applies from cosmological to interatomic length scales.

Dynamics of Phase transitions - Universality and Topological Defects Symmetry breaking phase transitions play an important role in Nature. When a system traverses a transition of this type at a finite rate, its causally disconnected regions choose the new broken-symmetry state independently.   Study offers new theoretical approach to describing non-equilibrium phase transitions. describes the dynamics of the system with friction," Vinokur said. transitions now as topological.

del Campo A. & Zurek W. H. Universality of phase transition dynamics: Topological defects from symmetry breaking. Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 29, (). Kibble T. Phase-transition dynamics in the lab and the universe. Phys. To 47–52 (September, ).Cited by: 4. The complete work consists of a two-volume set, describing two main classes of non-equilibrium phase-transitions, and surveys two main aspects of non-equilibrium phase-transitions: (a) transitions in the steady-state and (b) transitions in the relaxation 1, Absorbing Phase Transitions, published in , covered the statics and dynamics of transitions into an absorbing state.


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Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions by Yuriy M. Bunkov Download PDF EPUB FB2

Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics. They appear in many condensed-matter systems at low temperature; examples include vortices in superfluid helium-4, a rich variety of defects in helium-3, quantized mag­ netic flux tubes in type-II superconductors, and disclination lines and other defects in liquid.

Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions (Nato Science Series C: Book ) - Kindle edition by Yuriy M. Bunkov, Henri Godfrin. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry.

Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics. They appear in many condensed-matter systems at low temperature; examples include vortices in superfluid helium-4, a rich variety of defects in helium-3, quantized mag netic flux tubes in type-II superconductors, and disclination lines and other defects in liquid crystals.

Book Review: Topological defects and the non-equilibrium dynamics of symmetry-breaking phase transitions / Kluwer, Article in Observatory -Didcot- March with 18 Reads.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: "Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions, Les Houches, France, February ".

Get this from a library. Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions. [Yuriy M Bunkov; Henri Godfrin] -- Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics.

They appear in many condensed matter systems at low temperature. In the course of a non-equilibrium continuous phase transition, the dynamics ceases to be adiabatic in the vicinity of the critical point as a result of the critical slowing down (the divergence of the relaxation time in the neighborhood of the critical point).

This enforces a local choice of the broken symmetry and can lead to the formation of topological defects. The Kibble-Zurek mechanism Cited by: Book Review: Topological defects and the non-equilibrium dynamics of symmetry-breaking phase transitions / Kluwer, Bunkov, Y.

and Godfrin, H. Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions. NATO Science Series, Series C:.

Boyanovsky D., De Vega H., Holman R. () Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions in Condensed Matter and Cosmology: Spinodal Decomposition, Condensates and Defects.

In: Bunkov Y.M., Godfrin H. (eds) Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase by: The conceptofspontaneous symmetry breaking plays a fundamental role in contemporary physics.

It is essential for the description of degenerate ground states, massless modes, and topological defects. Examples are abundant in condensed matter physics, atomic and particle physics, as well as in astro­ physics and cosmology. Description: Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics.

They appear in many condensed-matter systems at low temperature; examples include vortices in superfluid helium-4, a rich variety of defects in helium-3, quantized mag netic flux tubes in type-II. Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics.

They appear in many condensed-matter systems at low temperature; examples include vortices in superfluid helium-4, a rich variety of defects in helium-3, quantized mag netic flux tubes in type-II superconductors, and.

Sauls, JABroken Symmetry and Nonequilibrium Superfluid 3he: Lecture Notes for the Les Houches Winter Scho. in H Godfrin & Y Bunkov (eds), Topological Defects and Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions: Lecture Notes for the Les Houches Winter Scho.

Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. Author: J.A. Sauls. @article{osti_, title = {Universality of phase transition dynamics: topological defects from symmetry breaking}, author = {Zurek, Wojciech H. and Del Campo, Adolfo}, abstractNote = {In the course of a non-equilibrium continuous phase transition, the dynamics ceases to be adiabatic in the vicinity of the critical point as a result of the critical slowing down (the divergence of the.

Abstract By resorting to some results in quantum field theories with spontaneous breakdown of symmetry we show that an explanation based on microscopic dynamics can. The first third of the book carefully develops the necessary background in general relativity and quantum fields.

The rest of the book then provides self-contained accounts of all the key topics in contemporary cosmology, including inflation, topological defects, gravitational lensing, galaxy formation, large-scale structure and the distance by: Topological defects and the non-equilibrium dynamics of symmetry () Pagina-navigatie: Main; Save publication.

Save as MODS; Export to Mendeley; Save as EndNote; Export to RefWorks; Title: Topological defects and the non-equilibrium dynamics of symmetry breaking phase transitions: Author: Godfrin, H: Publisher: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Title: Book Review: Topological defects and the non-equilibrium dynamics of symmetry-breaking phase transitions / Kluwer, Journal: The Observatory, vol.no.p.

One important class of non-equilibrium phase transitions, on which we will focus in this lecture, occurs in models with the so-called absorbing states, i.e., configurations that can be reached by the dynamics but cannot be left.

The most prominent universality class of absorbing-state transitions is directed percolation (DP). This type of Cited by:. UNIVERSALITY OF PHASE TRANSITION DYNAMICS: TOPOLOGICAL DEFECTS FROM SYMMETRY BREAKING ADOLFO DEL CAMPO 1,2 ∗ and WOJCIECH H. ZUREK 1Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NMUSA 2Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NMUSAonoccasion ofhis80th by: Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a branch of thermodynamics that deals with physical systems that are not in thermodynamic equilibrium but can be described in terms of variables (non-equilibrium state variables) that represent an extrapolation of the variables used to specify the system in thermodynamic equilibrium.

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is concerned with transport processes and with.Topological defects and the non-equilibrium dynamics of symmetry breaking phase transitions: Editors: H Godfrin: Place of Publication: Dordrecht/Boston/London: Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers: Pages: - Number of pages: Publication status: Published - Author: A.

Achucarro, A. Achucarro.